LPS stimulated human blood mononuclear leukocytes to produce a chemotactic factor for human neutrophils. The effect of LPS was dose-dependent; 10 μg/ml was optimal for production of chemotactic factor. Chemotactic activity was detected 3 hr after LPS stimulation, and reached its peak at 12 hr. No activity was detected in culture supernatants of unstimulated cells, provided LPS-free media were selected. Isoelectric point of the factor, determined by chromatofocusing, was approximately 8 to 8.5. Molecular weight was approximately 10 kilodaltons by Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration or by HPLC gel filtration on TSK-2000 and -3000 columns in succession. The gel filtration fractions were also assayed for IL 1 activity. The elution position of IL 1 activity corresponded to a m.w. of 18. There was no chemotactic activity in the IL 1 activity peak. Furthermore, highly purified natural IL 1α and -β and recombinant IL 1α and -β did not exhibit chemotactic activity for neutrophils in our assay. Among mononuclear leukocytes, the monocyte was the principal producer of neutrophil chemotactic factor. These results suggest that a chemotactic factor for neutrophils, different from IL 1, is produced by LPS-stimulated blood monocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy