Background: Tocovid is a new combination of tocotrienols and tocopherol, both of which are neuroprotective agents for preventing cerebral infarction in mice. However, the effects of tocovid on anti-inflammation in ischemic model remain elusive. In the present study, we assessed the effects of Tocovid pretreatment on anti-inflammatory effects after transient middle cerebral occlusion (tMCAO) in mice. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the therapeutic and anti-inflammatory effects of tocovid pretreatment (200 mg/kg per day, for 1 month) on mice brain under 60 minutes of tMCAO. The expressive changes of inflammatory markers were observed after tMCAO in mice. Results: Tocovid pretreatment greatly improved the mice neurobehaviors, reduced infarct volumes and decreased expressions of inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and ionized calcium binding adapter molecule-1 (Iba-1), and improved the damage of neurovascular units including matrix metallopeptidase 9, IgG and collagen IV after tMCAO. Conclusions: Our present findings demonstrated that oral tocovid pretreatment showed obviously neuroprotective and at least in part by anti-inflammatory effects in ischemic mice brain.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - Jan 1 2018|
- neurovascular unit dissociation
- transient middle cerebral occlusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine