Neuroprotective effects of Scallop-derived plasmalogen in a mouse model of ischemic stroke

Tian Feng, Xinran Hu, Yusuke Fukui, Koh Tadokoro, Zhihong Bian, Ryuta Morihara, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Scallop-derived plasmalogen (sPlas) has both anti-oxidative and anti-inflammation activities, but its efficacy has not been investigated in ischemic stroke models where oxidative stress, inflammation, and neurovascular unit (NVU) damage accelerates pathophysiological progression. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to assess the neuroprotective effects of sPlas in ischemic stroke by using a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mouse model. After the pretreatment of vehicle or sPlas (10 mg/kg/day) for 14 days, adult male mice were subjected to tMCAO for 60 min, then continuously treated with vehicle or sPlas during reperfusion and for an additional 5 days. The administration of sPlas significantly improved motor deficits (corner and rotarod tests, *p < 0.05 vs vehicle), enhanced serum antioxidative activity (OXY-adsorbent and d-ROMs tests, *p < 0.05 vs vehicle), reduced infarction volume (*p < 0.05 vs vehicle), decreased the expression of two oxidative stress markers, 4-HNE (*p < 0.05 vs vehicle) and 8-OHdG (*p < 0.05 vs vehicle), decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory markers Iba-1 (**p < 0.01 vs vehicle), IL-1β (**p < 0.01 vs vehicle), and TNF-α (**p < 0.01 vs vehicle), and alleviated NVU damage (collagen IV, MMP9, and GFAP/collagen IV, *p < 0.05 vs vehicle). Our present findings are the first to demonstrate the neuroprotective effects of sPlas on acute ischemic stroke mice at 5 d after tMCAO via anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation, and improvement of NVU damage, suggesting the potential of sPlas in preventing and treating ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147516
JournalBrain Research
Volume1766
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Middle cerebral artery occlusion
  • Neurovascular unit
  • Oxidative stress
  • Plasmalogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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