Neuroplastinβ-mediated upregulation of solute carrier family 22 member 18 antisense (SLC22A18AS) plays a crucial role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, leading to lung cancer cells' enhanced motility

Karolina Bajkowska, I. Wayan Sumardika, Nahoko Tomonobu, Youyi Chen, Ken ichi Yamamoto, Rie Kinoshita, Hitoshi Murata, Ni Luh Gede Yoni Komalasari, Fan Jiang, Akira Yamauchi, I. Made Winarsa Ruma, Carlos Ichiro Kasano-Camones, Yusuke Inoue, Masakiyo Sakaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Our recent study revealed an important role of the neuroplastin (NPTN)β downstream signal in lung cancer dissemination in the lung. The molecular mechanism of the signal pathway downstream of NPTNβ is a serial activation of the key molecules we identified: tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) adaptor, nuclear factor (NF)IA/NFIB heterodimer transcription factor, and SAM pointed-domain containing ETS transcription factor (SPDEF). The question of how dissemination is controlled by SPDEF under the activated NPTNβ has not been answered. Here, we show that the NPTNβ-SPDEF-mediated induction of solute carrier family 22 member 18 antisense (SLC22A18AS) is definitely required for the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through the NPTNβ pathway in lung cancer cells. In vitro, the induced EMT is linked to the acquisition of active cellular motility but not growth, and this is correlated with highly disseminative tumor progression in vivo. The publicly available data also show the poor survival of SLC22A18AS-overexpressing lung cancer patients. Taken together, these data highlight a crucial role of SLC22A18AS in lung cancer dissemination, which provides novel input of this molecule to the signal cascade of NPTNβ. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of NPTNβ-mediated lung cancer metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100768
JournalBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition
  • Lung cancer
  • Metastasis
  • Neuroplastin
  • S100A8/A9
  • Solute carrier family 22 member 18 antisense

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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