Neuronal apoptosis by glial NO: involvement of inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.

Y. Nomura, T. Uehara, M. Nakazawa

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Abstract

In primary cocultures of neurons and glial cells prepared from the neonatal rat brain, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) reduced the numbers of neuronal cells but the effects were markedly inhibited by NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, indicating the involvement of NO and LPS-induced NO synthase in neuronal death. LPS stimulated the expression of inducible NOS (iNOS) in preparations of primary cultured microglias/astrocytes, but not in primary cultured neurons. In addition, LPS caused DNA fragmentation only in NG108-15 cells but not in primary cultured astrocytes as well as astrocytes in cocultures of the two cell types, suggesting that NOS induces the apoptosis of neurons but not glial cells. We then examined the NO-induced neuronal death in NG108-15 cells using NO donors. SNP, and NO donor, caused NO-2 accumulation in the reaction medium and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage from NG108-15 cells. Although SNP stimulated guanylyl cyclase and accumulated cGMP, cGMP analogs did not affect LDH leakage. In addition, SNP induced chromosomal condensation and fragmentation of nuclei in NG108-15 cells. Gel electrophoretic analysis of cellular DNA extracted from SNP-treated cells, confirmed the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation typical of apoptosis in this culture. SNP increased the amount of radioisotopic labeled glyceraldehyde-3 phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in the presence of [32P]NAD and inhibited the enzyme activity. The results suggested that SNP-induced cell death is partly due to the NO-induced inhibition of GAPDH, perhaps by stimulating the binding of NAD to GAPDH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalHuman cell : official journal of Human Cell Research Society
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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