基于失匹配负波的神经反馈技术在认知功能改善中的应用

Translated title of the contribution: Neurofeedback technique based on mismatched negativity in improvement of cognitive function

Guangying Pei, Shujie Wang, Zhongyan Shi, Tiantian Liu, Ruoshui Yang, Guoxin Guo, Jinglong Wu, Tianyi Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To explore effective schemes for improving cognitive function in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) by EEG neurofeedback (NF) technique. Methods: Ten SCD patients recruited in Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2019 to August 2019, were chosen in our study; all patients were subjected to neuro-regulation of mismatched negativity (MMN) for 5 times in 2 weeks by EEG NF technique. By using the midlines of frontal zone (Fz), central zone (Cz) and peak zone (Pz) as training electrodes, auditory tones (1000 Hz as standard stimulus, individual hearing discrimination threshold as deviation stimulus) were used to induce MMN characteristics of event-related potential (ERP) via Oddball paradigm. SCD patients received visual disc stimulation feedback with dynamic neural signal activity. ERP waveforms and standard MMN characteristics (amplitude and latency) before and after training were used to evaluate the changes in neural activity of these patients; nine N-Back working memory tasks (three types×three gradients) and hearing discrimination ability tests were used in these patients to evaluate the improvement of cognitive competence. Results: ERP analysis showed that the MMN waveforms in SCD patients after training were obviously different as compared with those before training; their standard stimulus and deviant stimulus in the point-by-point paired t-test analysis were significant different (P<0.05). The MMN amplitudes at the Fz, Cz and Pz electrodes in these patients after training were significantly higher than those before training (P<0.05). The accuracy of auditory tone 3-Back task in SCD patients was statistically significant before and after training (P<0.05). Conclusion: NF based on MMN can significantly improve the MMN amplitude and accuracy of auditory working memory task in patients with SCD, which might provide a potentially effective cognitive intervention method for patients with early AD and the elderly with normal memory decline.

Translated title of the contributionNeurofeedback technique based on mismatched negativity in improvement of cognitive function
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)330-336
Number of pages7
JournalChinese Journal of Neuromedicine
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electroecephalogram neuro-feedback
  • Mismatched negativity
  • Subjective cognitive decline
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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