Neoproterozoic basalts of the Paleo-Asian Ocean (Kurai accretionary zone, Gorny Altai, Russia): geochemistry, petrogenesis, and geodynamics

I. Yu Safonova, V. A. Simonov, M. M. Buslov, T. Ota, Sh Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Late Neoproterozoic (Late Vendian) basalts of the Paleo-Asian Ocean are found as fragments incorporated in the Kurai accretionary zone, Gorny Altai, Russia. Detailed study of their geochemistry and relationships with associated sedimentary rocks allowed us to recognize three types of basalts: (1) lavas depleted in REE, Nb and Ti, compositionally similar to N-MORB and associated with thin-bedded oceanic siliceous sediments; (2) basalts of transitional compositions, and (3) basalts enriched in the above elements; basalts of types 2 and 3 are similar to Pacific intraplate basalts and are associated with carbonate "cap" sediments. The N-MORB-type basalts generated from a depleted upper-mantle source, whereas the transitional and enriched ones from a heterogeneous mantle source. Their crystallization temperatures were estimated from the experiments on homogenization of melt microinclusions hosted by clinopyroxene phenocrysts (1160-1190 °C) and from the composition of the latter (1100-1295 °C). The geological, lithological, petrological, and geochemical data show that the Kurai basalts were formed in the geodynamic settings of mid-oceanic ridges and oceanic seamounts/islands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-271
Number of pages18
JournalRussian Geology and Geophysics
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Fingerprint

petrogenesis
geodynamics
geochemistry
Russian Federation
basalt
oceans
ocean
mid-ocean ridge basalt
mantle source
sediments
Earth mantle
Vendian
seamounts
mid-ocean ridges
sedimentary rocks
homogenizing
seamount
caps
clinopyroxene
sediment

Keywords

  • basalts
  • crystallization temperature
  • Gorny Altai
  • major and trace-element geochemistry
  • melt microinclusions
  • MORB
  • OIB
  • Paleo-Asian Ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Neoproterozoic basalts of the Paleo-Asian Ocean (Kurai accretionary zone, Gorny Altai, Russia) : geochemistry, petrogenesis, and geodynamics. / Safonova, I. Yu; Simonov, V. A.; Buslov, M. M.; Ota, T.; Maruyama, Sh.

In: Russian Geology and Geophysics, Vol. 49, No. 4, 04.2008, p. 254-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Safonova, I. Yu ; Simonov, V. A. ; Buslov, M. M. ; Ota, T. ; Maruyama, Sh. / Neoproterozoic basalts of the Paleo-Asian Ocean (Kurai accretionary zone, Gorny Altai, Russia) : geochemistry, petrogenesis, and geodynamics. In: Russian Geology and Geophysics. 2008 ; Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 254-271.
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