Nematicity and magnetism are two key features in Fe-based superconductors, and their interplay is one of the most important unsolved problems. In FeSe, the magnetic order is absent below the structural transition temperature Tstr = 90 K, in stark contrast to the fact that the magnetism emerges slightly below Tstr in other families. To understand such amazing material dependence, we investigate the spinfluctuation- mediated orbital order (nxz ≠ nyz) by focusing on the orbital-spin interplay driven by the strong-coupling effect, called the vertex correction. This orbital-spin interplay is very strong in FeSe because of the small ratio between the Hund's and Coulomb interactions (J=Ū) and large dxz, dyz-orbital weight at the Fermi level. For this reason, in the FeSe model, the orbital order is established irrespective of the fact that the spin fluctuations are very weak, so the magnetism is absent below Tstr. In contrast, in the LaFeAsO model, the magnetic order appears just below Tstr both experimentally and theoretically. Thus, the orbital-spin interplay due to the vertex correction is the key ingredient in understanding the rich phase diagram with nematicity and magnetism in Fe-based superconductors in a unified way.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)