Negative-ion implantation is a promising technique for charging-free implantation for the forthcoming ULSI fabrication, in which the water charging by positive-ion implantation will become a troublesome problem even with an electron shower. The negative-ion implantation technique remarkably ameliorates such a charging problem since the incoming negative charge of implanted negative ions is easily balanced by the outgoing negative charge of a part of secondary electrons. Thus, the surface charging voltage is maintained to within about ± 10 V for isolated conducting materials and insulators, and is free from space and time fluctuations. A high-current negative-ion source and a medium current negative-ion implanter developed for this technique are described with the design concepts. In addition, the fundamental measurements of interactions between the negative-ion beam and the gas/solid are also described.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics