Purpose: To evaluate the characteristics of needle artifacts and the accuracy of needle insertion using a 1.2 Tesla open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system in a phantom. Materials and methods: First, the apparent width of the needle on the MRI and the needle tip position error of 16- and 18-gauge MRI-compatible introducer needles and a 17-gauge cryoneedle were examined with different needle angles (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°) to the main magnetic field (B0), sequence types (balanced steady-state acquisition with rewound gradient echo [BASG] and T2-weighted fast spin echo [FSE] sequence), and frequency encoding directions. Second, the accuracy of needle insertion was evaluated after 10 MRI fluoroscopy-guided insertions in a phantom. Results: The apparent needle widths was larger when the angle of the needle axis relative to B0 was larger. The needles appeared larger on BASG than on T2-weighted FSE images, with the largest apparent widths of 16-, 17-, and 18-gauge needles of 14.3, 11.6, and 11.0 mm, respectively. The apparent needle tip position was always more distal than the actual position on BASG images, with the largest longitudinal error of 4.0 mm. Meanwhile, the 16- and 18-gauge needle tips appeared more proximal on T2-weighted FSE images with right-to-left frequency encoding direction. The mean accuracy of MRI fluoroscopy-guided needle insertion was 3.1 mm. Conclusion: These experiments clarify the characteristics of needle artifacts in a 1.2 Tesla open MRI. With this system, the MRI fluoroscopy-guided needle insertion demonstrated an acceptable accuracy for clinical use.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Phantoms, Imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging