Necrotizing soft tissue infection caused by Serratia marcescens: A case report and literature review

Hideharu Hagiya, Masahiro Ojima, Takeshi Yoshida, Takahiro Matsui, Eiichi Morii, Kazuaki Sato, Shinichiro Tahara, Hisao Yoshida, Kazunori Tomono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 64-year-old man with advanced liver cirrhosis was transferred to an emergency center due to septic shock and markedly inflamed left leg. Under a clinical diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI), the patient undertook intensive therapy but died 25 h after arrival. The pathogenic organism, Serratia marcescens, was later isolated from blood and soft tissue cultures. NSTI is very rarely associated with S. marcescens. A literature review showed that only 16 such cases, including our case, have been reported to date. Our case is the first evidence of an S. marcescens NSTI in a patient with liver cirrhosis. S. marcescens NSTI has an extremely high mortality rate; total mortality and mortality in cases involving the extremities were 75% (12 of 16 cases) and 83.3% (10 of 12 cases), respectively. Physicians need to be aware that S. marcescens can induce fatal infections in community patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-338
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Necrotizing fasciitis
  • Necrotizing soft tissue infection
  • Sepsis
  • Serratia marcescens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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