Nationwide survey of post-transplant Glomerular diseases, based on the Japan renal biopsy registry (J-RBR)

Joichi Usui, Kunihiro Yamagata, Michio Nagata, Akira Shimizu, Asami Takeda, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroshi Sato, Hitoshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Nationwide data on allograft kidney biopsies have been limited in number, in contrast to the large amount of accumulated data on native kidney biopsies. In this context, we have surveyed transplant biopsy data based on the nationwide database, the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR). Material/Methods: A total of 2430 transplant biopsy cases were registered in the web-based J-RBR from January 2007 to January 2018. We categorized the entries regarding both the purpose of the biopsy and pathological diagnosis, and confirmed transplant glomerular diseases based on the clinical and pathological diagnosis. Results: Of the 2430 total transplant biopsy cases, 637 cases, including 9 cases of baseline biopsy, 216 cases of protocol biopsy, and 232 cases of episode biopsy, had a pathological diagnosis, including glomerular diseases, rejection, calcineurin inhibitor nephropathy, and interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. Of these, 127 cases presented with glomerular disease, including 8 cases of baseline biopsy, 23 of protocol biopsy, 59 of episode biopsy, and 37 of unknown purpose). A total of 127 biopsies with glomerular disease revealed a high prevalence of immu­noglobulin A nephropathy (n=38, 29.9%), followed by mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (n=29, 22.8%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (n=8, 6.3%) when focused on protocol and episode biopsies. Conclusions: The nationwide transplant biopsy database demonstrated the pathological characteristics of 637 cases, including 127 cases of post-transplant glomerular disease. The protocol and episode biopsies included high prevalence rates of IgAN, followed by FSGS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere931873
JournalAnnals of Transplantation
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glomerulonephritis
  • IGA
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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