Narrowing down the mapping of plant sex-determination regions using new Y-chromosome-specific markers and heavy-ionbeam irradiation-induced Y-deletion mutants in Silene Latifolia

Naoko Fujita, Chihiro Torii, Kotaro Ishii, Wataru Aonuma, Yuji Shimizu, Yusuke Kazama, Tomoko Abe, Shigeyuki Kawano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silene latifolia is a well-studied model system for plant XY sex determination. Three maleness factors are thought to function on the Y chromosome, gynoecium suppression factor (GSF), stamen-promoting factor (SPF), and male fertility factor (MFF), and their deletions result in hermaphrodites, anther defects, and pollen defects, respectively. Although a framework map of the Y chromosome exists, the sex determination genes have not been identified, and no markers close enough to potentially be used for BAC library screening are yet available. The analysis of Y deletion mutants by Y-chromosome-specific STS markers is an efficient way to isolate sex determination regions, but more Y-specific STS markers are needed to accelerate the exploration of sex determination factors. Herein, we report a marker design method that uses simple sequence repeats, which is especially effective on the Y chromosome of S. latifolia because it contains many simple sequence repeats. Six new Y-chromosome-specific STS markers were obtained, SmicSy1-6. These were used to detect relatively small Y deletion sites in heavy-ion beam irradiation-induced mutants. The mapping of male sex determination regions was narrowed down by using more markers and smaller-sized Y deletion mutants. One new marker, SmicSy6, is a proximal marker to SPF and, thus, a second index for SPF. The region including SPF is thought to be located between two SPF proximal markers. The flower phenotype correlates with the deletion size of SPF using SPF proximal markers. These findings represent new progress in isolating the sex determination factor, which has been studied for more than 50 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Sex chromosomes
  • Silene latifolia
  • simple sequence repeat
  • STS marker
  • XY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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