Nanospace molecular science and adsorption

Katsumi Kaneko, Tomonori Ohba, Takahiro Ohkubo, Shigenori Utsumi, Hironobu Kanoh, Masako Yudasaka, Sumio Iijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationships between the enhanced interaction potential and intensive confinement effect of slit-shaped and cylindrical nanospaces are shown. The structures of water molecules and aqueous ions confined in nanospaces of activated carbon fiber (ACF) and single wall carbon nanohorn (SWNH)s were studied by adsorption, in situ small angle X-ray scattering(SAXS), GCMC simulation, and EXAFS spectroscopy. Water molecules are associated with each other to form the clusters, being stabilized in the carbon nanospaces. This stabilization mechanism of water in carbon nanospaces were evidenced by the interaction potential calculation, GCMC simulation, and the density fluctuation analysis of in situ SAXS. The Ornstein-Zernike analysis of in situ SAXS profiles lead to the conclusion that the critical size of water clusters for predominant water adsorption in hydrophobic carbon nanospaces is about 0.5 nm corresponding to the octomer to decamer. The adsorption hysteresis of water adsorption isotherm of nanoporous carbon was interpreted by the cluster growth, which is confirmed by the density fluctuation analysis. The Rb and Br ions confined in the carbon nanospaces were examined by EXAFS spectroscopy. The remarkable decreases in the hydration number and the water-Rb ion distance of the solution confined in the nanospaces were observed. In particular, the hydration number of the Rb ion in the nanospaces of SWNH is less than 3, being much smaller than the hydration number (6) of the bulk solution. The electrical double layer structure in the nanospaces should be quite different from that in the bulk solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalAdsorption
Volume11
Issue number1 SUPPL.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated carbon fiber
  • Adsorption
  • Nanoconfinement
  • Nanosolution
  • Single wall carbon nanohorn
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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