N-terminal deletion of Swi3 created by the deletion of a dubious ORF YJL175W mitigates protein burden effect in S. cerevisiae

Nozomu Saeki, Yuichi Eguchi, Reiko Kintaka, Koji Makanae, Yuichi Shichino, Shintaro Iwasaki, Manabu Kanno, Nobutada Kimura, Hisao Moriya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extreme overproduction of gratuitous proteins can overload cellular protein production resources, leading to growth defects, a phenomenon known as the protein burden/cost effect. Genetic screening in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has isolated several dubious ORFs whose deletions mitigated the protein burden effect, but individual characterization thereof has yet to be delineated. We found that deletion of the YJL175W ORF yielded an N-terminal deletion of Swi3, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and partial loss of function of Swi3. The deletion mutant showed a reduction in transcription of genes encoding highly expressed, secreted proteins and an overall reduction in translation. Mutations in the chromatin remodeling complex could thus mitigate the protein burden effect, likely by reallocating residual cellular resources used to overproduce proteins. This cellular state might also be related to cancer cells, as they frequently harbor mutations in the SWI/SNF complex.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9500
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

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