N-methylnicotinamide is an endogenous probe for evaluation of drugdrug interactions involving multidrug and toxin extrusions (MATE1 and MATE2-K)

S. Ito, H. Kusuhara, Y. Kumagai, Y. Moriyama, K. Inoue, T. Kondo, H. Nakayama, S. Horita, K. Tanabe, H. Yuasa, Y. Sugiyama

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Abstract

Multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1) and MATE2-K are H /organic cation exchangers mediating the efflux of cationic drugs into the urine. N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was found to be an endogenous substrate of MATE1 (Michaelis constant (K m) 301 ± 18mol/l) and MATE2-K (K m 422 ± 63mol/l) as well as a basolateral influx transporter, organic cation transporter 2 (K m 318 ± 29mol/l). A potent MATE inhibitor, pyrimethamine, competitively inhibited the uptake by MATE1 and MATE2-K with inhibition constant (K i) values of 83 ± 15 and 56 ± 11 nmol/l, respectively. The uptake of NMN by human kidney brush border membrane vesicles with a H gradient was saturable (K m 360 ± 55mol/l) and completely inhibited by pyrimethamine. The renal clearance of endogenous NMN was 403 ± 61 in healthy male subjects, and it was significantly decreased to 119 ± 16 ml/min/kg by an oral dose of pyrimethamine (50 mg). These results support the utility of NMN as an endogenous in vivo probe for investigating MATE1 and MATE2-K in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-641
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Ito, S., Kusuhara, H., Kumagai, Y., Moriyama, Y., Inoue, K., Kondo, T., Nakayama, H., Horita, S., Tanabe, K., Yuasa, H., & Sugiyama, Y. (2012). N-methylnicotinamide is an endogenous probe for evaluation of drugdrug interactions involving multidrug and toxin extrusions (MATE1 and MATE2-K). Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 92(5), 635-641. https://doi.org/10.1038/clpt.2012.138