Mutational analysis of residues in two consensus motifs in the active sites of cathepsin E1

Jian Liu, Takayuki Tsukuba, Kuniaki Okamoto, Masamichi Ohishi, Kenji Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cathepsin E, an intracellular aspartic proteinase of the pepsin family, is composed of two homologous domains, each containing the catalytic Asp residue in a consensus DTG motif. Here we examine the significance of residues in the motifs of rat cathepsin E by substitution of Asp98, Asp283, and Thr284 with other residues using site-directed mutagenesis. Each of the mutant proenzymes, as well as the wild-type protein, was found in culture media and cell extracts when heterologously expressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells. The single mutants D98A, D283A, and D283E, and the double mutants D98A/D283A and D98E/D283E showed neither autocatalytic processing nor enzymatic activities under acidic conditions. However, the D98E and T284S mutants retained the ability to transform into the mature forms, although they exhibited only about 13 and 40% of the activity of the wild-type enzyme, respectively. The Km values of these two mutants were similar to those of the wild-type enzyme, but their kcat values were greatly decreased. The Ki values for pepstatin and the Ascaris pepsin inhibitor of the mutants and the wild-type enzyme were almost the same. The circular dichroism spectra of the two mutants were essentially the same as those of the wild-type enzyme at various pH values. These results indicate that (i) Asp98, Asp283, and Thr284 are indeed critical for catalysis, and (ii) the decrease in the catalytic activity of D98E and T284S mutants is brought about by an effect on the kinetic process from the enzyme-substrate complex to the release of the product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Volume132
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cathepsins
Catalytic Domain
Cathepsin E
Enzymes
Pepsin A
Aspartic Acid Proteases
Ascaris
Mutagenesis
Enzyme Precursors
HEK293 Cells
Viperidae
Circular Dichroism
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Cell Extracts
Catalysis
Culture Media
Rats
Catalyst activity
Substitution reactions
Kidney

Keywords

  • Active-site motif
  • Aspartic proteinase
  • Cathepsin E
  • Characterization of mutants
  • Correct folding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Mutational analysis of residues in two consensus motifs in the active sites of cathepsin E1. / Liu, Jian; Tsukuba, Takayuki; Okamoto, Kuniaki; Ohishi, Masamichi; Yamamoto, Kenji.

In: Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 132, No. 3, 2002, p. 493-499.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Jian ; Tsukuba, Takayuki ; Okamoto, Kuniaki ; Ohishi, Masamichi ; Yamamoto, Kenji. / Mutational analysis of residues in two consensus motifs in the active sites of cathepsin E1. In: Journal of Biochemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 132, No. 3. pp. 493-499.
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AB - Cathepsin E, an intracellular aspartic proteinase of the pepsin family, is composed of two homologous domains, each containing the catalytic Asp residue in a consensus DTG motif. Here we examine the significance of residues in the motifs of rat cathepsin E by substitution of Asp98, Asp283, and Thr284 with other residues using site-directed mutagenesis. Each of the mutant proenzymes, as well as the wild-type protein, was found in culture media and cell extracts when heterologously expressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells. The single mutants D98A, D283A, and D283E, and the double mutants D98A/D283A and D98E/D283E showed neither autocatalytic processing nor enzymatic activities under acidic conditions. However, the D98E and T284S mutants retained the ability to transform into the mature forms, although they exhibited only about 13 and 40% of the activity of the wild-type enzyme, respectively. The Km values of these two mutants were similar to those of the wild-type enzyme, but their kcat values were greatly decreased. The Ki values for pepstatin and the Ascaris pepsin inhibitor of the mutants and the wild-type enzyme were almost the same. The circular dichroism spectra of the two mutants were essentially the same as those of the wild-type enzyme at various pH values. These results indicate that (i) Asp98, Asp283, and Thr284 are indeed critical for catalysis, and (ii) the decrease in the catalytic activity of D98E and T284S mutants is brought about by an effect on the kinetic process from the enzyme-substrate complex to the release of the product.

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