Hemopoietic allografts of normal and neoplastic origin are subject to NK cell-mediated resistance in mice. Susceptibility to this resistance is controlled by MHC-linked genes in a recessive manner. Several distinct specificities could be postulated to explain the strain-dependent pattern of resistance. These presumptive specificities for recognition are H-2 haplotype dependent, but the correspondence is not one-to-one. For example, resistance of H-2(d) or H-2(b/d) host to H-2b graft operationally defines specificity- 1, establishing its link with haplotype H-2b. To examine the molecular basis of specificity-1, spontaneous D(d)-loss mutant clones were isolated from H- 2(b/d) and H-2(d) hemopoietic cell lines, i.e., 416B of (C57BL/6 x DBA/2)F1 (B6D2F1) origin and L1210 of DBA/2 origin, both of which lack specificity- 1. The expression of specificity-1 in the mutant clones was examined in vivo and in vitro. The results indicate that D(d)-loss clones of 416B and L1210 lines express specificity-1. These data suggest that murine NK cell allospecificity-1 is defined primarily by the absence of the D(d) molecule or other class I molecules sharing the protective motifs; no H-2b-associated genes play a relevant role. This conclusion is consistent with the missing self hypothesis of NK cell reactivity, and is in agreement with the observation that lysis of B6 targets by B6D2F1 NK cells is mediated mostly by cells that express Ly-49A and/or Ly-49G2.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy