Multiplex gene-panel testing for lung cancer patients

Yasushi Yatabe, Kuniko Sunami, Koichi Goto, Kazuto Nishio, Naoko Aragane, Sadakatsu Ikeda, Akira Inoue, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hideharu Kimura, Tomohiro Sakamoto, Miyako Satouchi, Junichi Shimizu, Koji Tsuta, Shinichi Toyooka, Kazumi Nishino, Yutaka Hatanaka, Shingo Matsumoto, Masashi Mikubo, Tomoyuki Yokose, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The year 2019 was considered to be the first year of cancer genome medicine in Japan, with three gene-panel tests using next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques being introduced into clinical practice. Among the three tests, the Oncomine CDx Target test was approved under the category of regular molecular testing for lung cancer, which meant that this test could be used to select patients for molecularly targeted drugs. Conversely, the other two tests, NCC OncoPanel and FoundationOne CDx, were assigned to be used under the National Cancer Genome Medicine Network, and implementation was restricted to patients for whom standard treatment was completed or expected to be completed. These NGS tests can detect a series of genetic alterations in individual tumors, which further promotes the development of therapeutic agents and elucidates molecular pathways. The NGS tests require appropriate tissue size and tumor cell content, which can be accessed only by pathologists. In this report, we review the current reimbursement schema in our national healthcare policy and the requirements of the specimens for NGS testing based on the recently published ‘Guidance of Gene-panel Testing Using Next-Generation Sequencers for Lung Cancer’, by the Japanese Society of Lung Cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-931
Number of pages11
JournalPathology International
Volume70
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • gene-panel test
  • lung cancer
  • molecular testing
  • next-generation sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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