Multiple States of Sorbed Water Molecules in Amorphous Sugar Matrix andtheir Different Impacts on Physical Properties of the Matrix

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Amorphous materials, comprised of sugar molecules, exhibit high hygroscopicity and the sorbed water exerts a major influence on physical stability of the matrix. To date, the water sorption behavior of amorphous sugars has been extensively investigated. However, most studies of the behavior of water, when sorbed to an amorphous sugar matrix, have implicitly assumed that all of the sorbed water molecules are in a single state: It is naturally expected that the random allocation and configuration of sugar molecules would result in heterogeneity of states for the sorbed water. Recently, we demonstrated the heterogeneity of state and functionality of water sorbed in amorphous sugar matrices by combining a Fourier transform IR spectroscopy and Fourier self-deconvolution technique; The sorbed water molecules were classified into five states, and the three of them mainly served to lower the glass transition temperature of an amorphous sugar matrix while the other two appeared to be independent of physical properties of the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJapan Journal of Food Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011



  • amorphous sugar
  • compression
  • freeze-drying
  • glass
  • heterogeneity
  • transition temperature
  • water sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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