Multiple sclerosis-like disease secondary to alpha interferon

Toshihiko Matsuo, Ryu Takabatake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe bilateral optic neuritis that occurred as an adverse effect of recombinant and natural interferon α administration. Methods: Report of two cases. Case 1, a 62-year-old woman, developed bilateral optic neuritis with decreased sensation of vibration and increased deep tendon reflex in the lower extremities after a seven-month use of recombinant interferon α-2a for chronic active hepatitis C. Case 2, a 29-year-old woman, developed bilateral optic neuritis combined with numbness of the lower extremities as well as bowel and bladder dysfunction after a 22-month use of recombinant interferon α-2b for chronic myelogenous leukemia. After a two-month interruption of interferon administration, natural interferon α was given but followed by another episode of the same neurological manifestations. Results: In both cases, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated multiple small high-intensity areas in the cerebral white matter and spinal cord, while cerebrospinal fluid examination disclosed mononuclear cell increase and protein elevation including myelin basic protein, all of which simulated the features of multiple sclerosis. The two patients underwent several courses of pulse corticosteroid therapy, each course consisting of three days of methylprednisolone 1000 mg daily, resulting in visual recovery to some extent. Conclusions: Optic neuritis in combination with other neurological signs, simulating multiple sclerosis, should be included in the list of adverse effects of recombinant and natural interferon α administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

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Keywords

  • Adverse effect
  • Interferon alpha
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Optic neuritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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