The chemically synthesized endoperoxide compound N-89 and its derivative N-251 were shown to have potent antimalarial activity. We previously demonstrated that N-89 and N-251 potently inhibited the RNA replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV), which belongs to the Flaviviridae family. Since antimalarial and anti-HCV mechanisms have not been clarified, we were interested whether N-89 and N-251 possessed the activity against viruses other than HCV. In this study, we examined the effects of N-89 and N-251 on other flaviviruses (dengue virus and Japanese encephalitis virus) and hepatitis viruses (hepatitis B virus and hepatitis E virus). Our findings revealed that N-89 and N-251 moderately inhibited the RNA replication of Japanese encephalitis virus and hepatitis E virus, although we could not detect those anti-dengue virus activities. We also observed that N-89 and N-251 moderately inhibited the replication of hepatitis B virus at the step after viral translation. These results suggest the possibility that N-89 and N-251 act on some common host factor(s) that are necessary for viral replications, rather than the possibility that N-89 and N-251 directly act on the viral proteins except for HCV. We describe a new type of antiviral reagents, N-89 and N-251, which are applicable to multiple different viruses.
- Hepatitis B virus
- Hepatitis E virus
- Japanese encephalitis virus
- Multiple antiviral activities
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