Multilocus sequence typing of Streptococcus mutans strains with the cbm gene encoding a novel collagen-binding protein

Jinthana Lapirattanakul, Ryota Nomura, Hirotoshi Nemoto, Shuhei Naka, Takashi Ooshima, Kazuhiko Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Streptococcus mutans, an oral pathogen associated with infective endocarditis (IE), possesses two genes encoding collagen-binding proteins, namely cnm and cbm. In this study, we used multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of S. mutans with the cbm gene. Design: Forty-five S. mutans strains including 15 strains with the cnm gene, 15 strains with the cbm gene, and 15 strains without these two genes were analysed by MLST. In addition, the collagen-binding properties as well as the abilities to adhere to and invade human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were also evaluated for all strains. Results: In the groups of cnm-positive and cbm-positive strains, all properties, including collagen binding, adhesion, and invasion were significantly greater than those of the cnm-cbm-negative group. Moreover, MLST revealed three clonal complexes of S. mutans possessing the cbm gene. These three clones showed no close relatedness with clones of strains containing the cnm gene. Among three clones harbouring the cbm gene, two clones belong to serotype k, and appeared to be associated with the pathogenesis of IE due to their strong collagen binding and relatively enhanced abilities to adhere to and invade endothelial cells. However, such properties were relatively weak in the other non-serotype k clone possessing the cbm gene. Conclusions: MLST indicated a difference in evolution between S. mutans strains with the cbm gene and those with the cnm gene. In addition, this technique also suggested the importance of cbm-positive S. mutans clones relative to the pathogenesis of IE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-996
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Volume58
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Collagen-binding protein
  • Multilocus sequence typing
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

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