Multicentric Castleman's disease associated with glomerular microangiopathy and MPGN-like lesion

does vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor play causative or protective roles in renal injury?

Aya Seida, Jun Wada, Yoshitaka Morita, Masako Baba, Jun Eguchi, Norihisa Nishimoto, Takeshi Okino, Koichi Ichimura, Tadashi Yoshino, Hirofumi Makino

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Abstract

A 52-year-old Japanese man presented with fever spikes, generalized fatigue, anorexia, and anasarca. The patient was referred for the evaluation of fever of unknown origin in association with swelling of cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes. He also manifested nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, hepatosplenomegaly, massive pleural effusion, ascites, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and hypergammaglobulinemia. C-reactive protein was positive and plasma vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor (VEGF) and serum interleukin-6 levels were markedly elevated. Lymph node biopsy results showed that findings were compatible with Castleman's disease of hyaline vascular type associated with interfollicular plasmacytosis. In conjunction with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease was made. The patient underwent renal biopsy because of nephrotic syndrome, and the results showed proliferation of mesangial cells, lobulation of glomeruli, and tram track pattern of the capillary wall without immune complex deposition. Electron microscopy showed widening of the subendothelial space. No electron-dense deposits were present in both mesangial and subendothelial regions. Pathologic features were compatible with glomerular microangiopathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like lesions. With corticosteroid therapy, systemic symptoms disappeared; both VEGF and interleukin-6 levels were normalized, and he went into complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. In this article, the role VEGF plays in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome and glomerular microangiopathy is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume43
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Endothelial Growth Factors
Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome
Endothelial Cells
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
Interleukin-6
Lymph Nodes
Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia
Hypergammaglobulinemia
Fever of Unknown Origin
Biopsy
Hyalin
Mesangial Cells
Groin
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Anorexia
Pleural Effusion
Antigen-Antibody Complex

Cite this

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title = "Multicentric Castleman's disease associated with glomerular microangiopathy and MPGN-like lesion: does vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor play causative or protective roles in renal injury?",
abstract = "A 52-year-old Japanese man presented with fever spikes, generalized fatigue, anorexia, and anasarca. The patient was referred for the evaluation of fever of unknown origin in association with swelling of cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes. He also manifested nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, hepatosplenomegaly, massive pleural effusion, ascites, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and hypergammaglobulinemia. C-reactive protein was positive and plasma vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor (VEGF) and serum interleukin-6 levels were markedly elevated. Lymph node biopsy results showed that findings were compatible with Castleman's disease of hyaline vascular type associated with interfollicular plasmacytosis. In conjunction with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease was made. The patient underwent renal biopsy because of nephrotic syndrome, and the results showed proliferation of mesangial cells, lobulation of glomeruli, and tram track pattern of the capillary wall without immune complex deposition. Electron microscopy showed widening of the subendothelial space. No electron-dense deposits were present in both mesangial and subendothelial regions. Pathologic features were compatible with glomerular microangiopathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like lesions. With corticosteroid therapy, systemic symptoms disappeared; both VEGF and interleukin-6 levels were normalized, and he went into complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. In this article, the role VEGF plays in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome and glomerular microangiopathy is discussed.",
author = "Aya Seida and Jun Wada and Yoshitaka Morita and Masako Baba and Jun Eguchi and Norihisa Nishimoto and Takeshi Okino and Koichi Ichimura and Tadashi Yoshino and Hirofumi Makino",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
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journal = "American Journal of Kidney Diseases",
issn = "0272-6386",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Multicentric Castleman's disease associated with glomerular microangiopathy and MPGN-like lesion

T2 - does vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor play causative or protective roles in renal injury?

AU - Seida, Aya

AU - Wada, Jun

AU - Morita, Yoshitaka

AU - Baba, Masako

AU - Eguchi, Jun

AU - Nishimoto, Norihisa

AU - Okino, Takeshi

AU - Ichimura, Koichi

AU - Yoshino, Tadashi

AU - Makino, Hirofumi

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - A 52-year-old Japanese man presented with fever spikes, generalized fatigue, anorexia, and anasarca. The patient was referred for the evaluation of fever of unknown origin in association with swelling of cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes. He also manifested nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, hepatosplenomegaly, massive pleural effusion, ascites, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and hypergammaglobulinemia. C-reactive protein was positive and plasma vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor (VEGF) and serum interleukin-6 levels were markedly elevated. Lymph node biopsy results showed that findings were compatible with Castleman's disease of hyaline vascular type associated with interfollicular plasmacytosis. In conjunction with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease was made. The patient underwent renal biopsy because of nephrotic syndrome, and the results showed proliferation of mesangial cells, lobulation of glomeruli, and tram track pattern of the capillary wall without immune complex deposition. Electron microscopy showed widening of the subendothelial space. No electron-dense deposits were present in both mesangial and subendothelial regions. Pathologic features were compatible with glomerular microangiopathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like lesions. With corticosteroid therapy, systemic symptoms disappeared; both VEGF and interleukin-6 levels were normalized, and he went into complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. In this article, the role VEGF plays in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome and glomerular microangiopathy is discussed.

AB - A 52-year-old Japanese man presented with fever spikes, generalized fatigue, anorexia, and anasarca. The patient was referred for the evaluation of fever of unknown origin in association with swelling of cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes. He also manifested nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, hepatosplenomegaly, massive pleural effusion, ascites, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and hypergammaglobulinemia. C-reactive protein was positive and plasma vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor (VEGF) and serum interleukin-6 levels were markedly elevated. Lymph node biopsy results showed that findings were compatible with Castleman's disease of hyaline vascular type associated with interfollicular plasmacytosis. In conjunction with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease was made. The patient underwent renal biopsy because of nephrotic syndrome, and the results showed proliferation of mesangial cells, lobulation of glomeruli, and tram track pattern of the capillary wall without immune complex deposition. Electron microscopy showed widening of the subendothelial space. No electron-dense deposits were present in both mesangial and subendothelial regions. Pathologic features were compatible with glomerular microangiopathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like lesions. With corticosteroid therapy, systemic symptoms disappeared; both VEGF and interleukin-6 levels were normalized, and he went into complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. In this article, the role VEGF plays in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome and glomerular microangiopathy is discussed.

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M3 - Article

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JO - American Journal of Kidney Diseases

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