Multi-species diffusion analysis in porous media under various dry density and temperature conditions: Molecular dynamics simulation, homogenization analysis, and finite element method

Jung Hae Choi, Katsuyuki Kawamura, Kazushi Kimoto, Yasuaki Ichikawa, Byung Gon Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In porous media, chemical species that dissolve in pore water can be transported via diffusion mechanisms or advective fluxes, close to or far away from where precipitation occurs. In the case of a high-level radioactive waste disposal system, compacted bentonite is used in a buffer material in an engineering barrier system to minimize the amount of specific nuclides that breach into the surrounding host rock. To minimize breaching, it is very important to understand the transport mechanism of multiple chemical species in porous media. In the following research, we introduced FEM analysis methods using the results of the molecular dynamics simulation and homogenization analysis (MD/HA) method. First, the diffusion coefficients of ions (Cl-, I-, and Na+) in different water layers of Na-beidellite were calculated using the MD/HA procedure under various dry density (1.2, 1.6, and 2.0Mg/m3) and temperature (293, 323, and 363K) conditions. Next, using FEM analysis that used the MD/HA results as input parameters, the diffusion behaviors of ions in porous media were calculated. The results indicate that the diffusion coefficients of the interlayer water in Na-beidellite are different from the diffusion coefficients under dry density conditions. Further, the concentration profiles (Ct/C0) of iodine and chloride are proportional to temperature but inversely proportional to dry density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1760
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics
Volume38
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Finite element method
  • Homogenization analysis
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Multi-species diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

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