Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the thyroid with abundant IgG4-positive plasma cells

Kentaro Miki, Yorihisa Orita, Yasuharu Sato, Iwao Sugitani, Misato Noyama, Sayaka Fuji, Shuhei Domae, Soichiro Nose, Kazuo Hamaya, Tadashi Yoshino, Kazunori Nishizaki

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16 Citations (Scopus)


A case of thyroidal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma mimicking IgG4-related disease is described. A 54-year-old male presented with acute swelling of the anterior neck. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), malignant lymphoma (ML), or acute deterioration of Hashimoto's thyroiditis were initially suspected, and an emergent tracheostomy was required for progressive airway obstruction; a simultaneous biopsy from the thyroid tissue was performed. Histopathologically, the lesion consisted of sclerotic fibrosis and diffuse and dense infiltration by small lymphoid cells without atypia and plasma cells, many of which were IgG4-positive. Blood examination also revealed high serum IgG4 levels. Riedel's thyroiditis was suspected. However, despite medical treatments, a firm swelling of the thyroid still remained. In an in situ hybridization study, IgG4-negative plasma cells showed immunoglobulin light-chain restriction (κ-monotype), and immunoglobulin heavy (IgH) chain gene monoclonal re-arrangement was detected by polymerase chain reaction. The lesion was finally diagnosed as MALT lymphoma. When IgG4-related disease is suspected, it is important to thoroughly exclude other possibilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-590
Number of pages4
JournalAuris Nasus Larynx
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis
  • IgG4
  • MALT lymphoma
  • Riedel's thyroiditis
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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