Mouse hepatic microsomes oxidized 11-oxo-Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-oxo-Δ8-THC, aldehyde) to Δ8-THC-11-oic-acid (carboxylic acid). The reaction required NADPH and molecular oxygen and showed an optimal pH around 7.5. The activity of NADPH-dependent carboxylic acid formation was mainly localized in microsomes. The reaction was inhibited by various inhibitors of cytochrome P-450-dependent oxidation such as SKF 525-A, α-naphthoflavone, and metyrapone. Disulfiram and menadione also inhibited the microsomal oxidation of the aldehyde to the carboxylic acid, but pyrazole did not inhibit the reaction. The pretreatment of mice with phenobarbital significantly increased the oxidation activity on the basis of microsomal protein, but did not affect it on the basis of cytochrome P-450 content. The mechanism for the oxidation of aldehyde to the carboxylic acid was confirmed to be oxygenation, since oxygen-18 was incorporated into Δ8-THC-11-oic acid from molecular oxygen during the hepatic microsomal oxidation of 11-oxo-Δ8-THC.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science