Mortality rate of patients with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis diagnosed at age 55 years or older is similar to that of the general population

Junichi Kubota, Fusao Ikeda, Ryo Terada, Haruhiko Kobashi, Shin Ichi Fujioka, Ryoichi Okamoto, Shinsuke Baba, Youichi Morimoto, Masaharu Ando, Yasuhiro Makino, Hideaki Taniguchi, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Yasuhiro Miyake, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Kazuhide Yamamoto

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Abstract

Purpose: Recent routine testing for liver function and anti-mitochondrial antibodies has increased the number of newly diagnosed patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). This study investigated the prognosis of asymptomatic PBC patients, focusing on age difference, to clarify its effect on the prognosis of PBC patients. Methods: The study was a systematic cohort analysis of 308 consecutive patients diagnosed with asymptomatic PBC. We compared prognosis between the elderly (55 years or older at the time of diagnosis) and the young patients (<55 years). The mortality rate of the patients was also compared with that of an age- and gender-matched general population. Results: The elderly patients showed a higher aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio, and lower alanine aminotransferase level than the young patients (P < 0.01 and P = 0.03, respectively). The two groups showed similar values for alkaline phosphatase and immunoglobulin M. Death in the young patients was more likely to be due to liver failure (71%), while the elderly were likely to die from other causes before the occurrence of liver failure (88%; P < 0.01), especially from malignancies (35%). The mortality rate of the elderly patients was not different from that of the age- and gender-matched general population (standardized mortality ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 0.6-1.7), although this rate was significantly higher than that of the young patients (P = 0.044). Conclusions: PBC often presents as more advanced disease in elderly patients than in the young. However, the mortality rate of the elderly patients is not different from that of an age- and gender-matched general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1000-1006
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology
Volume44
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Age difference
  • Mortality rate
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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    Kubota, J., Ikeda, F., Terada, R., Kobashi, H., Fujioka, S. I., Okamoto, R., Baba, S., Morimoto, Y., Ando, M., Makino, Y., Taniguchi, H., Yasunaka, T., Miyake, Y., Iwasaki, Y., & Yamamoto, K. (2009). Mortality rate of patients with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis diagnosed at age 55 years or older is similar to that of the general population. Journal of Gastroenterology, 44(9), 1000-1006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00535-009-0090-2