Morphosynthesis of poly[4-(1,4-phenylene)oxyphthalimide] and copolymers prepared by reaction-induced crystallization during polymerization

Takashi Sawai, Kanji Wakabayashi, Shinichi Yamazaki, Tetsuya Uchida, Kunio Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morphosynthesis of poly[4-(1,4-phenylene)oxyphthalimide] (POPI) and poly[4-(1,4-phenylene)oxyphthalimide-co-4-phthalimide] (POPI-PPI) was examined by using the crystallization during the polymerization. The POPI fibrillar crystals were obtained as precipitates with the formation of spherical aggregates of plate-like crystals. Some of the POPI fibrillar crystals were longer than 15 μm. They possessed high crystallinity and the molecules aligned perpendicular to the long direction of the fibers. On the other hand, one-dimensional structures of POPI-PPI such as ribbon, cone, rod, and fiber were obtained as precipitates by the copolymerization. The copolymer molecules might align along the long direction of the cone-like crystals. The morphology of these poly(ether-imide)s could be controlled by not only the polymerization condition but also with the aid of copolymerization. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys, 2012 Controlling the morphology of rigid aromatic poly(ester imide)s by conventional techniques is difficult because of their poor processability. Morphosynthesis of aromatic polyetherimides was examined by using reaction-induced crystallization during the polymerization. The morphology was controlled by the polymerization conditions and the copolymerization, and one-dimensional structural products such as fibers and cone-like crystals were obtained as precipitates. Molecular alignment was also controlled by the aid of templates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1303
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume50
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2012

Keywords

  • crystallization
  • fibers
  • high performance polymers
  • morphology
  • polyimides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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