Morphological Effects, Rate of Incorporation, and the Enzymatic Action of Botulinum ADP-Ribosyltransferase, Known as C3 Exoenzyme, on Human Neuroblastoma GOTO Cells

Yoichi Kamata, Tei ichi Nishiki, Kunihiko Matsumura, Toyoko Hiroi, Shunji Kozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The susceptibility of various lines of cultured cells to botulinum ADP-ribosyltransferase, known as C3 exoenzyme, was examined. Human neuroblastoma GOTO cells were most sensitive. The C3 exoenzyme caused a change in cell shape that involved extension of neurites. The exoenzyme evoked the outgrowth of neurites from chick ganglion as effectively as nerve growth factor, suggesting that C3 exoenzyme possesses neurotropic activity. Experiments with 125I-labeled enzyme revealed that C3 exoenzyme was rapidly incorporated into cells but the number of incorporated enzyme molecules was small. Once C3 exoenzyme had been incorporated, ADP-ribosylation of the substrate (Rho protein) in GOTO cells occurred immediately and rapidly reached a maximum level. However, some of Rho proteins remained unmodified even after induction of the change in morphology. These findings suggest that ADP-ribosylation by C3 exoenzyme is directly associated with the differentiation of GOTO cells but that other events may also participate in this process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • Botulinum ADP-ribosyltransferase
  • Incorporation
  • Neurite formation
  • Neuroblastoma cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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