Moral hazard problem and collaborative coordination in supply chain with capacity reservation contract

Yasuhiko Takemoto, Ikuo Arizono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper has considered collaborative coordination in supply chains with capacity reservation contracts using the game theory. In some traditional papers, the capacity reservation contracts have contained a capacity quantity, a reservation quantity and a reservation fee as a decision variable. Each decision variable is determined separately based on individual profit functions of a supplier and a manufacturer under the noncooperative game theory. Those papers have assumed that the supplier is always forced to build sufficient capacity to cover the reservation amount of the manufacturer. However, the supplier might not always comply with the reservation amount of the manufacturer since the capacity quantity is a private decision in the supplier and not released to external companies in practice. For instance, the supplier may choose to under-build knowingly to ensure high utilisation of his capacity. This is a kind of moral hazard problems. This paper has investigated such a strategy that the supplier and manufacturer voluntarily comply with the contract for the purpose of solving the moral hazard problem in the capacity reservation contract. Consequently, we have proposed a method of determining the decision variables collaboratively in the contract such that a consensus of the supplier and manufacturer is built.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2510-2526
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 17 2020


  • Nash bargaining approach
  • forced and voluntary compliance regimes
  • incentive compatible condition
  • moral hazard problem
  • penalty strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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