The heat shock response (HSR) is a cellular mechanism for counteracting acute proteotoxic stress. In eukaryotes, transcriptional activation of the HSR is regulated by heat shock factor 1 (HSF1). Activation of HSF1 induces the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) that function as molecular chaperones to fold and maintain the three-dimensional structure of misfolded proteins. The regulation of the degree and duration of the HSR is controlled by multiple biochemical mechanisms that include posttranslational modification of HSF1 and numerous protein-protein interactions. In this chapter, we describe a method to evaluate the activation and deactivation of the HSR at the transcriptional level using a short half-life luciferase reporter assay. This assay can be used to further characterize the HSR or as a screen for small-molecule inducers, amplifiers, or repressors.