Monitoring of bacterial contamination of dental unit water lines using adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence

A. Watanabe, N. Tamaki, Kenji Yokota, M. Matsuyama, Susumu Kokeguchi

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Bacterial contamination of dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) was evaluated using ATP bioluminescence analysis and a conventional culture method. Water samples (N = 44) from DUWLs were investigated for heterotrophic bacteria by culture on R2A agar, which gave counts ranging from 1.4×103 to 2.7×105 cfu/mL. The ATP bioluminescence results for DUWL samples ranged from 6 to 1189 relative light units and could be obtained within 1 min; these correlated well with the culture results (r = 0.727–0.855). We conclude that the results of the ATP bioluminescence assay accurately reflect the results of conventional culture-based testing. This method is potentially useful for rapid and simple monitoring of DUWL bacterial contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016



  • ATP bioluminescence
  • Bacteria
  • Contamination
  • Dental unit water line
  • Infection control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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