Molecular typing of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: H7 isolated in okayama prefecture using pulsed field gel electrophoresis and random amplification of polymorphic DNA

Yuka Funamori, Yukako Fujinaga, Kenji Yokota, Kaoru Inoue, Yoshikazu Hirai, Keiji Oguma, Shohei Kira, Kazuhisa Taketa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three outbreaks and many isolated cases of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157: H7 occurred in 1996 and 1997 in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. In an attempt to investigate the route of these infections, the strains isolated from the 3 outbreaks (total 33 strains) and 15 isolated cases (total 15 strains) were investigated using random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). In addition, 10 strains from an outbreak in Tojo Cho, Hiroshima Prefecture (June 1996), 2 strains from the particular types of meat in Kochi Prefecture, and 42 strains isolated from bovine feces in a farm in Okayama Prefecture were also investigated in the same manner. PFGE was much more useful than RAPD for molecular typing of the clinical isolates, in that it allowed us to classify them into 10 PFGE groups. We noted that the strains differed according to the time and place of the outbreaks (or isolated cases). This indicates that 0157: H7 infections in Okayama Prefecture were caused by different strains (although some cases were aggravated by the same strains as were found in other areas). The isolates from bovine feces were classified into 5 groups by PFGE profiles, but none of them were identical to those of the clinical isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume53
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

Keywords

  • Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157: H7
  • Molecular epidemiology
  • Pulsed field gel electrophoresis
  • Random amplification of polymorphic DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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