Recent advances in molecular biology have demonstrated that multistep genetic alterations are involved in the carcinogenesis of human colorectal cancer and that alteration of the p53 gene by mutation, deletion, or rearrangement is a major factor in this process. Human gene therapy has become a reality with the development of effective techniques for delivering the gene to the target cells. The efficacy of gene therapy for various types of genetic disease now being evaluated in clinical trials. These findings led us to develop a novel gene therapeutic strategy for human colorectal cancer that could replace the abnormal p53 gene using a recombinant, replication-defective adenoviral vector (termed Adp53). Infection with Adp53 induced rapid apoptotic cell death in DLD-1 and LoVo human colorectal cancer cell lines differing in their p53 status. Treatment with cisplatin following infection with Adp53 significantly suppressed the growth of WiDr colorectal cancer cells compared to single treatments alone. Thus restoration of wild-type p53 function exhibited an antitumor effect by inducing apoptosis as well as by markedly enhancing the effect of common chemotherapeutic agents in human colorectal cancer cells. In addition, Adp53 infection was antiangiogenic in SW620 human colorectal cancer cells. The application of this technology to human cancer therapy is now in progress. The article reviews recent highlights in this rapidly evolving field.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|