Molecular orbital models of silica clusters modified by fluorine

Satoshi Hayakawa, Larry L. Kerch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AM1 molecular orbital calculations were conducted for various cluster models of silica and for those of fluorinated silica. Remarkably, the addition of HF to silica clusters gave an F-Si bond forming a trigonal bipyramid geometry around a 5-coordinated Si. The heat of addition reaction of HF was maximum for 4-membered rings and decreased with an increasing number of Si tetrahedra in ring-type silica clusters, while it increased with an increasing number of Si tetrahedra in block-type silica clusters. The addition reaction was strongly dependent on both whether there is sufficient structural flexibility around the Si sites to allow the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds with neighbouring silanol groups in the addition of HF and the degree of the strain of the arrangement for [SiO4/2F]-. The heat of reaction for the replacement of one hydroxyl group (OH-) by F- decreased with increasing number of Si tetrahedra. The replacement reaction was strongly dependent on both the size of the rings and the number of bridging oxygens per Si tetrahedron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume242
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 1998

Fingerprint

Fluorine
Molecular orbitals
Silicon Dioxide
fluorine
molecular orbitals
tetrahedrons
Silica
silicon dioxide
Addition reactions
rings
Orbital calculations
heat
Hydroxyl Radical
Hydrogen bonds
flexibility
hydrogen bonds
Oxygen
Geometry
oxygen
geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Molecular orbital models of silica clusters modified by fluorine. / Hayakawa, Satoshi; Kerch, Larry L.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 242, No. 2-3, 02.12.1998, p. 131-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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