Molecular imaging assessment of periodontitis lesions in an experimental mouse model

Hidetaka Ideguchi, Keisuke Yamashiro, Tadashi Yamamoto, Masayuki Shimoe, Shoichi Hongo, Shinsuke Kochi, Chiaki Yoshihara-Hirata, Hiroaki Aoyagi, Mari Kawamura, Shogo Takashiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to evaluate molecular imaging as a novel diagnostic tool for mice periodontitis model induced by ligature and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) inoculation. Materials and methods: Twelve female mice were assigned to the following groups: no treatment as control group (n = 4); periodontitis group induced by ligature and Pg as Pg group (n = 4); and Pg group treated with glycyrrhizinic acid (GA) as Pg + GA group (n = 4). All mice were administered a myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity-specific luminescent probe and observed using a charge-coupled device camera on day 14. Image analysis on all mice was conducted using software to determine the signal intensity of inflammation. Additionally, histological and radiographic evaluation for periodontal inflammation and bone resorption at the site of periodontitis, and quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were conducted on three mice for each group. Each experiment was performed three times. Results: Levels of serum IgG antibody against P. gingivalis were significantly higher in the Pg than in the Pg + GA group. Histological analyses indicated that the number of osteoclasts and neutrophils were significantly lower in the Pg + GA than in the Pg group. Micro-CT image analysis indicated no difference in bone resorption between the Pg and Pg + GA groups. The signal intensity of MPO activity was detected on the complete craniofacial image; moreover, strong signal intensity was localized specifically at the periodontitis site in the ex vivo palate, with group-wise differences. Conclusions: Molecular imaging analysis based on MPO activity showed high sensitivity of detection of periodontal inflammation in mice. Clinical relevance: Molecular imaging analysis based on MPO activity has potential as a diagnostic tool for periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-827
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 8 2019

Keywords

  • Glycyrrhizin
  • Inflammation
  • Molecular imaging
  • Myeloperoxidase
  • Periodontal examination
  • Periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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