In a previous study, we molecular-characterized a tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) α1, 3/4-fucosidase (α-Fucase Sl-1) encoded in a tomato gene (Solyc03g006980), indicating that α-Fucase Sl-1 is involved in the turnover of Lea epitope-containing N-glycans. In this study, we have characterized another tomato gene (Solyc11g069010) encoding α1, 3/4-fucosidase (α-Fucase Sl-2), which is also active toward the complex type N-glycans containing Lea epitope(s). The baculovirus-insect cell expression system was used to express that α-Fucase Sl-2 with anti-FLAG tag, and the expression product (rFucase Sl-2), was found as a 65 kDa protein using SDS-PAGE and has an optimum pH of around 5.0. Similarly to rFucase Sl-1, rFucase Sl-2 hydrolyzed the non-reducing terminal α1, 3-fucose residue on LNFP III and α1, 4-fucose residues of Lea epitopes on plant complex type N-glycans, but not the core α1, 3-fucose residue on Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc or Fucα1-3GlcNAc. However, we found that both α-Fucases Sl-1 and Sl-2 were specifically active toward α1, 3-fucose residue on GlcNAcβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAc, indicating that the non-substituted β-GlcNAc linked to the proximal GlcNAc residue of the core tri-saccharide moiety of plant specific N-glycans must be a pre-requisite for α-Fucase activity. A 3 D modelled structure of the catalytic sites of α-Fucase Sl-2 suggested that Asp192 and Glu236 may be important for binding to the α1, 3/4 fucose residue.
- α-fucosidase, α1-3 fucose, N-glycan metabolism, plant N-glycan, Solanum lycopersicum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology