Molecular analysis of pyrethroid resistance conferred by target insensitivity and increased metabolic detoxification in Plutella xylostella

Shoji Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The pyrethroid resistance of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (L.) is conferred by increased gene expression of cytochrome P450 to detoxify the insecticide and/or through gene mutation of the sodium channel, which makes the individual insensitive to pyrethroids. However, no information is available about the correlation between the increased metabolic detoxification and the target insensitivity in pyrethroid resistance. RESULTS: Frequencies of pyrethroid-resistant alleles (L1014F, T929I and M918I) and two resistance-related mutations (A1101T and P1879S) at the sodium channel and expression levels of the cytochrome P450 gene CYP6BG1 were examined individually using laboratory and field strains of P. xylostella. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis using the laboratory strains revealed that levels of larval expression of the resistant strain, homozygous for the pyrethroid-resistant alleles other than the M918I, are significantly higher than those of the susceptible strain. In the field strains, the expression levels in insects having the same resistant alleles as those of the resistant strains varied greatly among individuals. The expression levels were not significantly higher than those in the heterozygotes. CONCLUSION: Significant correlation between the target insensitivity and the increased metabolic detoxification in pyrethroid resistance of P. xylostella was observed in the laboratory but not in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-575
Number of pages4
JournalPest Management Science
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P450
  • Diamondback moth
  • Insecticide resistance
  • Permethrin
  • Plutella xylostella
  • Sodium channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

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