Clostridium botulinum cultures are classified into seven types, types A to G, based on the antigenicity of the neurotoxins produced. Of these seven types, only types C and D produce C2 toxin in addition to the neurotoxin. The C2 toxin consists of two components designated C2I and C2II. The genes encoding the C2 toxin components have been cloned, and it has been stated that they might be on the cell chromosome. The present study confirmed by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and subsequent Southern hybridization that these genes are on a large plasmid. The complete nucleotide sequence of this plasmid was determined by using a combination of inverse PCR and primer walking. The sequence was 106,981 bp long and contained 123 potential open reading frames, including the c2I and c2II genes. The 57 products of these open reading frames had sequences similar to those of well-known proteins. It was speculated that 9 these 57 gene products were related to DNA replication, 2 were responsible for the two-component regulatory system, and 3 were σ factors. In addition, a total of 20 genes encoding proteins related to diverse processes in purine catabolism were found in two regions. In these regions, there were 9 and 11 genes rarely found in plasmids, indicating that this plasmid plays an important role in purine catabolism, as well as in C2 toxin production.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology