Modulation of oscillatory neural activities by cholinergic activation of interneurons in the olfactory center of a terrestrial slug

Satoshi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Masayoshi Murakami, Yasuko Inokuma, Shigenori Kawahara, Yutaka Kirino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The neurons in the procerebrum (PC) of the terrestrial slug Limax marginatus show regular oscillation of their membrane potential, and the oscillation has been implicated in olfactory processing. The neural mechanisms for the generation and modulation of the oscillation have been poorly understood. In the present work, we examined the ionic conductances evoked by acetylcholine (ACh) in the PC neurons and the effects of ACh application on the population activities of intrinsic and extrinsic neurons. The PC neurons are categorized into bursting neurons, which are putative local inhibitory neurons, and nonbursting neurons, which likely mediate the input and output of information in the PC. Bath application of ACh augmented the local field potential oscillation in the PC. Perforated patch recording from single PC neurons revealed that ACh has direct excitatory effects on bursting neurons, while it suppresses the activity of nonbursting neurons, possibly via augmented inhibitory synaptic input from bursting neurons. The correlation between the membrane potential of bursting neurons and the frequency of oscillation suggests that bursting neurons are the main determinant of the oscillation frequency. Application of ACh also resulted in a reduction of the oscillation amplitude in the olfactory nerve, suggesting that the frequency modulation in the oscillatory network could change the activities in the follower neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume896
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Neural oscillation
  • Olfaction
  • Procerebrum
  • Slug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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