Modulation of HTLV-I gene expression by HIV-1 rev through an alternative RxRE-independent pathway mediated by the RU5 portion of the 5'-LTR

Satoshi Kubota, Rika A. Furuta, Masakazu Hatanaka, Roger J. Pomerantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 5'-RU5 portion of human T-lymphocyte virus type I (HTLV-I) long terminal repeat (LTR) had been reported to contain cis-acting elements for the controlled viral gene expression by the rex gene product. In this study, the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) Rev protein was found to enhance gene expression, acting through the 5'-RU5 portion of HTLV-I, while the Rex-responsive element (RxRE)-mediated activation by Rev was reconfirmed to be negative. This positive action of HIV-1 Rev on HTLV-I gene expression seemed to be distinct from the widely accepted Rex or Rev function to facilitate the nuclear export of RxRE-containing unspliced viral mRNAs, since a trans-dominant, nuclear export-deficient mutant (RevM10) still retained the RUB-mediated effector function. Analyses of the functional aspects of Tat/Rev fusion proteins on the HTLV-I RU5 suggested a specific interaction of Rev and RU5, but lacked evidence for the binding of Rev to the RU5 at the RNA level. These results suggest an answer to the controversy regarding a Rex-like function occasionally observed with HIV-1 Rev and its related proteins. It may also be suggested that particular care should be taken when such a trans-dominant Rev mutant is considered to be used as a genetic therapy against HIV-1 infection, in individuals infected with both HIV-1 and HTLV-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume243
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 4 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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