Minor salivary gland tumors in the oral cavity: Diagnostic value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI

Hidenobu Matsuzaki, Yoshinobu Yanagi, Marina Hara, Naoki Katase, Jun-Ichi Asaumi, Miki Hisatomi, Teruhisa Unetsubo, Hironobu Konouchi, Toshihiko Takenobu, Hitoshi Nagatsuka

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for minor salivary gland tumors in the oral cavity. Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients with minor salivary gland tumors were examined preoperatively using DCE-MRI. Their maximum contrast index (CImax), time of CImax (Tmax), Tpeak; i.e., the time that corresponded to the CImax × 0.90, and washout ratios (WR300 and WR600) were determined from contrast index (CI) curves. We compared these parameters between benign and malignant tumors and among the different histopathological types of minor salivary gland tumors. Then, we categorized the patients' CI curves into four patterns (gradual increase, rapid increase with high washout ratio, rapid increase with low washout, and flat). Results: Statistically significant differences in Tmax (P = 0.004) and Tpeak (P = 0.002) were observed between the benign and malignant tumors. Regarding each histopathological tumor type, significant differences in Tmax (P <0.001), Tpeak (P <0.001), and WR600 (P = 0.026) were observed between the pleomorphic adenomas and mucoepidermoid carcinomas. It was difficult to distinguish between benign and malignant tumors using our CI curve classification because that two-thirds of the cases were classified into the same type (gradual increase). Conclusion: The DCE-MRI parameters of minor salivary gland tumors contributed little to their differential diagnosis compared with those for major salivary gland tumors. During the diagnosis of minor salivary gland tumors, Tmax is useful for distinguishing between benign and malignant tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2684-2691
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume81
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

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Keywords

  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma
  • Dynamic MRI
  • Minor salivary gland tumor
  • MRI
  • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
  • Oral
  • Pleomorphic adenoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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