Minimization of Amounts of Catalyst and Solvent in NHC-Catalyzed Benzoin Reactions of Solid Aldehydes: Mechanistic Consideration of Solid-to-Solid Conversion and Total Synthesis of Isodarparvinol B

Kenta Iwai, Masakazu Ono, Yoshiko Nanjo, Tadashi Ema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Attempts were made to minimize the amounts of catalyst and solvent in the NHC-catalyzed benzoin reactions of solid aldehydes. In some case, solid-to-solid conversions proceeded in the solvent-free NHC-catalyzed benzoin reactions. Even if a mixture of the substrate, N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) precursor, and inorganic base was initially a powdery solid, the reaction did proceed at reaction temperature lower than the melting points of each compound. The solid mixture partially melted or became a slurry or suspension in the meantime. We call this solid/liquid mixture a semisolid state. The reaction giving an optically active product was faster than that giving a racemic mixture of the same product. Melting-point depression was observed for a series of mixtures of the substrate and product in different substrate/product ratios. Solvent-free solid-to-solid conversions were accelerated by the formation of a semisolid state resulting from the melting-point depression of the solid substrate accompanied by the product formation. In the case of solid substrates with high melting points, melting-point depression was useless, and the addition of a small amount of solvent was needed. The first total synthesis of isodarparvinol B was achieved via the NHC-catalyzed intramolecular benzoin reaction using a small amount of solvent as an additive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10207-10216
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Volume5
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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