Background: Although osteoid osteomas have traditionally been treated by surgical excision, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has gained favor as a less invasive procedure. However, RFA is contraindicated for osteoid osteomas close to the skin or crucial neurovascular structures, and is not covered by national health insurance in Japan. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of surgical excision of osteoid osteomas using intraoperative navigation. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of five patients with osteoid osteoma who underwent a mini-open excision using O-arm/Stealth navigation at our institution. The osteoid osteomas were excised using a cannulated cutter or curetted out with the assistance of navigation. Results: Complete excision was achieved in all patients, which was confirmed by pathological examination. The mean skin incision was 2.1 cm (range, 1.5 to 3.0 cm) and the mean duration required for setup three-dimensional image was 15 min (range, 12 to 20 min). Although the mean visual analog scale score was 7 (range, 4 to 8) before surgery, all patients experienced relief from their characteristic pain immediately after surgery, with the mean scores of 2.2 (range, 1 to 3) and 0 at 2 days and 4 weeks after surgery, respectively. There was no intra-operative complication related to the navigation and no recurrence was observed during the mean follow-up period of 25 months (range, 13 to 33 months). Conclusions: Mini-open excision using intraoperative O-arm/Stealth navigation is a safe and accurate procedure for patients with osteoid osteoma, which could cover the limitation of RFA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine