Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field)

K. D. Litasov, Yu D. Litasov, A. S. Mekhonoshin, V. G. Mal'kovets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abundant mantle xenoliths found in Pliocene basanites from the Dzhilinda River are divided into three groups. These are: (1) coarse-grained protogranular spinel and garnet spinel lherzolites (two-pyroxene temperature T = 1100-1250°C; orthopyroxene-garnet pressure P = 18-23 kbar); (2) spinel lherzolites and harzburgites of protogranular (2a) to tabular equigranular (2b) microstructures (T = 800-900°C; P = 10-15 kbar); (3) mosaic equigranular lherzolites (T = 710-750°C). Peridotites of groups 1 and 2a are primitive or slightly depleted mantle substrata of two depth levels corresponding to garnet-spinel transitional layer and spinel stability field. The 2b peridotites and related low-Al websterites result from low-temperature depleted mantle-basaltic melt interaction under oxidizing conditions (close to QFM buffer). Peridotites of group 3 are enriched in modal pyroxene and spinel. They characterize a unigue type of mantle-melt interaction resulting from percolation of Ti-Zn-bearing melt through extremely depleted peridotites. Minerals of these peridotites have a specific chemical composition. Clinopyroxenes contain 2-2.2% TiO2, olivines 0.7% NiO, and spinel 0.6-0.7% NiO and 0.9-1.0% ZnO. Cr-diopside pyroxenites and peridotites from the Dzhilinda are subdivided into two groups: high-temperature (T = 1000-1230°C) and low-temperature (T = 860-1000°C). They are considered the products of interaction between basaltic melts and primitive peridotites at two depth levels - 60-80 and about 50 km. Al-augite pyroxenites are represented by spinel websterite and are compositionally similar to low-temperature Cr-diopside pyroxenites. The Al-augite pyroxenites make up the uppermost mantle or lower crust at a depth of 35-50 km. Clinopyroxene megacrysts are rich in Mg and are similar to Mg-rich garnet pyroxenites from Miocene picrite-basalts. Pressure estimates suggest that they form at a depth of 60-80 km. The skarn-like clinopyroxenites, most likely, form from volatile-rich low-Al melts in the middle-lower crust. The estimations based on fluid inclusions show that pressures were no lower than 5-6 kbar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1534-1556
Number of pages23
JournalGeologiya i Geofizika
Volume41
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

spinel
Pliocene
mineralogy
mantle
river
melt
garnet
augite
diopside
pyroxene
lower crust
picrite
skarn
orthopyroxene
clinopyroxene
fluid inclusion
olivine
microstructure
basalt
chemical composition

Keywords

  • Alkali basalt
  • Megacryst
  • Peridotite
  • Pyroxenite
  • Upper mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Litasov, K. D., Litasov, Y. D., Mekhonoshin, A. S., & Mal'kovets, V. G. (2000). Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field). Geologiya i Geofizika, 41(11), 1534-1556.

Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field). / Litasov, K. D.; Litasov, Yu D.; Mekhonoshin, A. S.; Mal'kovets, V. G.

In: Geologiya i Geofizika, Vol. 41, No. 11, 2000, p. 1534-1556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Litasov, KD, Litasov, YD, Mekhonoshin, AS & Mal'kovets, VG 2000, 'Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field)', Geologiya i Geofizika, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1534-1556.
Litasov KD, Litasov YD, Mekhonoshin AS, Mal'kovets VG. Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field). Geologiya i Geofizika. 2000;41(11):1534-1556.
Litasov, K. D. ; Litasov, Yu D. ; Mekhonoshin, A. S. ; Mal'kovets, V. G. / Mineralogy of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River (Vitim volcanic field). In: Geologiya i Geofizika. 2000 ; Vol. 41, No. 11. pp. 1534-1556.
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N2 - Abundant mantle xenoliths found in Pliocene basanites from the Dzhilinda River are divided into three groups. These are: (1) coarse-grained protogranular spinel and garnet spinel lherzolites (two-pyroxene temperature T = 1100-1250°C; orthopyroxene-garnet pressure P = 18-23 kbar); (2) spinel lherzolites and harzburgites of protogranular (2a) to tabular equigranular (2b) microstructures (T = 800-900°C; P = 10-15 kbar); (3) mosaic equigranular lherzolites (T = 710-750°C). Peridotites of groups 1 and 2a are primitive or slightly depleted mantle substrata of two depth levels corresponding to garnet-spinel transitional layer and spinel stability field. The 2b peridotites and related low-Al websterites result from low-temperature depleted mantle-basaltic melt interaction under oxidizing conditions (close to QFM buffer). Peridotites of group 3 are enriched in modal pyroxene and spinel. They characterize a unigue type of mantle-melt interaction resulting from percolation of Ti-Zn-bearing melt through extremely depleted peridotites. Minerals of these peridotites have a specific chemical composition. Clinopyroxenes contain 2-2.2% TiO2, olivines 0.7% NiO, and spinel 0.6-0.7% NiO and 0.9-1.0% ZnO. Cr-diopside pyroxenites and peridotites from the Dzhilinda are subdivided into two groups: high-temperature (T = 1000-1230°C) and low-temperature (T = 860-1000°C). They are considered the products of interaction between basaltic melts and primitive peridotites at two depth levels - 60-80 and about 50 km. Al-augite pyroxenites are represented by spinel websterite and are compositionally similar to low-temperature Cr-diopside pyroxenites. The Al-augite pyroxenites make up the uppermost mantle or lower crust at a depth of 35-50 km. Clinopyroxene megacrysts are rich in Mg and are similar to Mg-rich garnet pyroxenites from Miocene picrite-basalts. Pressure estimates suggest that they form at a depth of 60-80 km. The skarn-like clinopyroxenites, most likely, form from volatile-rich low-Al melts in the middle-lower crust. The estimations based on fluid inclusions show that pressures were no lower than 5-6 kbar.

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KW - Alkali basalt

KW - Megacryst

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KW - Pyroxenite

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