Mineral uptake as influenced by growing seasons and developmental stages in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system

Hae Suk Yoon, Tanjuro Goto, Yoshihiro Kageyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characteristics of mineral uptake in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system were investigated in relation to growing seasons and developmental stages. The amounts of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, taken up per plant, differed markedly over the growing seasons and between 'Sei Aloha' and 'Talk'. However, the ratios of P, K, Ca, and Mg to N uptake were similar over both the growing seasons and cultivars. The ratios obtained from the nutrient solution analyses were P/N 13.3 ± 0.4%, K/N 102.6 ± 3.4%, Ca/N 29.6 ± 0.7% and Mg/N 10.0 ± 0.4%. The ratios corresponded to those estimated via plant tissue analyses. Uptake of 4.3-5.2 mg N fertilizer led to an increase of 1g in fresh weight. The rate of N uptake steadily rose after planting until flower buds became visible. The upward trend continued during bud development but decreased rapidly towards harvest. The ratios of P/N and K/N decreased from 16.2% and 134.2% to 8.4% and 69.5%, respectively, from the vegetative growth to the flowering stages. The ratios of Ca/N and Mg/N varied slightly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Volume69
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2000

Fingerprint

Chrysanthemum
hydroponics
growing season
developmental stages
minerals
uptake mechanisms
buds
nutrient solutions
vegetative growth
plant tissues
Rosa
nitrogen fertilizers
planting
flowering
cultivars

Keywords

  • Mineral uptake
  • Ratios of minerals to N uptake
  • Spray chrysanthemum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{7515ce423a3f4537b31df87a5b31ed4d,
title = "Mineral uptake as influenced by growing seasons and developmental stages in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system",
abstract = "Characteristics of mineral uptake in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system were investigated in relation to growing seasons and developmental stages. The amounts of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, taken up per plant, differed markedly over the growing seasons and between 'Sei Aloha' and 'Talk'. However, the ratios of P, K, Ca, and Mg to N uptake were similar over both the growing seasons and cultivars. The ratios obtained from the nutrient solution analyses were P/N 13.3 ± 0.4{\%}, K/N 102.6 ± 3.4{\%}, Ca/N 29.6 ± 0.7{\%} and Mg/N 10.0 ± 0.4{\%}. The ratios corresponded to those estimated via plant tissue analyses. Uptake of 4.3-5.2 mg N fertilizer led to an increase of 1g in fresh weight. The rate of N uptake steadily rose after planting until flower buds became visible. The upward trend continued during bud development but decreased rapidly towards harvest. The ratios of P/N and K/N decreased from 16.2{\%} and 134.2{\%} to 8.4{\%} and 69.5{\%}, respectively, from the vegetative growth to the flowering stages. The ratios of Ca/N and Mg/N varied slightly.",
keywords = "Mineral uptake, Ratios of minerals to N uptake, Spray chrysanthemum",
author = "Yoon, {Hae Suk} and Tanjuro Goto and Yoshihiro Kageyama",
year = "2000",
month = "5",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "255--260",
journal = "Horticulture Journal",
issn = "2189-0102",
publisher = "Japanese Society for Horticultural Science",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mineral uptake as influenced by growing seasons and developmental stages in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system

AU - Yoon, Hae Suk

AU - Goto, Tanjuro

AU - Kageyama, Yoshihiro

PY - 2000/5

Y1 - 2000/5

N2 - Characteristics of mineral uptake in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system were investigated in relation to growing seasons and developmental stages. The amounts of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, taken up per plant, differed markedly over the growing seasons and between 'Sei Aloha' and 'Talk'. However, the ratios of P, K, Ca, and Mg to N uptake were similar over both the growing seasons and cultivars. The ratios obtained from the nutrient solution analyses were P/N 13.3 ± 0.4%, K/N 102.6 ± 3.4%, Ca/N 29.6 ± 0.7% and Mg/N 10.0 ± 0.4%. The ratios corresponded to those estimated via plant tissue analyses. Uptake of 4.3-5.2 mg N fertilizer led to an increase of 1g in fresh weight. The rate of N uptake steadily rose after planting until flower buds became visible. The upward trend continued during bud development but decreased rapidly towards harvest. The ratios of P/N and K/N decreased from 16.2% and 134.2% to 8.4% and 69.5%, respectively, from the vegetative growth to the flowering stages. The ratios of Ca/N and Mg/N varied slightly.

AB - Characteristics of mineral uptake in spray chrysanthemums grown under a hydroponic system were investigated in relation to growing seasons and developmental stages. The amounts of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, taken up per plant, differed markedly over the growing seasons and between 'Sei Aloha' and 'Talk'. However, the ratios of P, K, Ca, and Mg to N uptake were similar over both the growing seasons and cultivars. The ratios obtained from the nutrient solution analyses were P/N 13.3 ± 0.4%, K/N 102.6 ± 3.4%, Ca/N 29.6 ± 0.7% and Mg/N 10.0 ± 0.4%. The ratios corresponded to those estimated via plant tissue analyses. Uptake of 4.3-5.2 mg N fertilizer led to an increase of 1g in fresh weight. The rate of N uptake steadily rose after planting until flower buds became visible. The upward trend continued during bud development but decreased rapidly towards harvest. The ratios of P/N and K/N decreased from 16.2% and 134.2% to 8.4% and 69.5%, respectively, from the vegetative growth to the flowering stages. The ratios of Ca/N and Mg/N varied slightly.

KW - Mineral uptake

KW - Ratios of minerals to N uptake

KW - Spray chrysanthemum

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0342264740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0342264740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0342264740

VL - 69

SP - 255

EP - 260

JO - Horticulture Journal

JF - Horticulture Journal

SN - 2189-0102

IS - 3

ER -