Microtubule assembly by tau impairs endocytosis and neurotransmission via dynamin sequestration in Alzheimer's disease synapse model

Tetsuya Hori, Kohgaku Eguchi, Han Ying Wang, Tomohiro Miyasaka, Laurent Guillaud, Zacharie Taoufiq, Satyajit Mahapatra, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Tomoyuki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevation of soluble wild-type (WT) tau occurs in synaptic compartments in Alzheimer's disease. We addressed whether tau elevation affects synaptic transmission at the calyx of Held in slices from mice brainstem. Whole-cell loading of WT human tau (h-tau) in presynaptic terminals at 10-20 µM caused microtubule (MT) assembly and activity-dependent rundown of excitatory neurotransmission. Capacitance measurements revealed that the primary target of WT h-tau is vesicle endocytosis. Blocking MT assembly using nocodazole prevented tau-induced impairments of endocytosis and neurotransmission. Immunofluorescence imaging analyses revealed that MT assembly by WT h-tau loading was associated with an increased MT-bound fraction of the endocytic protein dynamin. A synthetic dodecapeptide corresponding to dynamin 1-pleckstrin-homology domain inhibited MT-dynamin interaction and rescued tau-induced impairments of endocytosis and neurotransmission. We conclude that elevation of presynaptic WT tau induces de novo assembly of MTs, thereby sequestering free dynamins. As a result, endocytosis and subsequent vesicle replenishment are impaired, causing activity-dependent rundown of neurotransmission.

Original languageEnglish
JournaleLife
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 26 2022

Keywords

  • calyx of Held presynaptic terminal
  • cell biology
  • dynamin
  • endocytosis
  • excitatory synaptic transmission
  • microtubule
  • mouse
  • neuroscience
  • tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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