Microscopic elastic and plastic inhomogeneous deformations and height changes on the surface of a polycrystalline pure-titanium plate specimen under cyclic tension

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Abstract

A cyclic tensile test was carried out using a plate specimen of commercial pure titanium on a digital holographic microscope stage. Microscopic deformation of the grains was observed, and their height distribution was measured on the specimen surface. Each grain showed nanoscopic movement up and down, as well as reverse movement corresponding to specimen loading and unloading. We suggest that the different grain-specific changes in height were caused by microscopic inhomogeneities in the material, such as differences in the crystal orientation and geometries of both the surface and subsurface grains. Changes in grain height increased with tensile load, and a strong relationship was found between the height changes that occurred under elastic and plastic conditions. This suggests that microscopic plastic deformation is predictable from microscopic elastic deformation. In order to investigate the plastic deformation of grains in more detail, slip-line angles were measured after the tensile test. We found slip lines with similar angles in neighboring grains, suggesting that the plastic deformation of grains was not independent, but rather was related to that of surrounding grains and influenced by the deformation of subsurface grains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1907
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 13 2018

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Titanium
plastic deformation
Plastic deformation
titanium
tensile tests
slip
elastic deformation
unloading
Elastic deformation
Unloading
Crystal orientation
inhomogeneity
Microscopes
plastics
microscopes
Plastics
Geometry
geometry

Keywords

  • Elastic deformation
  • Height distribution
  • Microscopic inhomogeneity
  • Plastic deformation
  • Titanium
  • Undulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Microscopic elastic and plastic inhomogeneous deformations and height changes on the surface of a polycrystalline pure-titanium plate specimen under cyclic tension",
abstract = "A cyclic tensile test was carried out using a plate specimen of commercial pure titanium on a digital holographic microscope stage. Microscopic deformation of the grains was observed, and their height distribution was measured on the specimen surface. Each grain showed nanoscopic movement up and down, as well as reverse movement corresponding to specimen loading and unloading. We suggest that the different grain-specific changes in height were caused by microscopic inhomogeneities in the material, such as differences in the crystal orientation and geometries of both the surface and subsurface grains. Changes in grain height increased with tensile load, and a strong relationship was found between the height changes that occurred under elastic and plastic conditions. This suggests that microscopic plastic deformation is predictable from microscopic elastic deformation. In order to investigate the plastic deformation of grains in more detail, slip-line angles were measured after the tensile test. We found slip lines with similar angles in neighboring grains, suggesting that the plastic deformation of grains was not independent, but rather was related to that of surrounding grains and influenced by the deformation of subsurface grains.",
keywords = "Elastic deformation, Height distribution, Microscopic inhomogeneity, Plastic deformation, Titanium, Undulation",
author = "Naoya Tada and Takeshi Uemori",
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AU - Tada, Naoya

AU - Uemori, Takeshi

PY - 2018/10/13

Y1 - 2018/10/13

N2 - A cyclic tensile test was carried out using a plate specimen of commercial pure titanium on a digital holographic microscope stage. Microscopic deformation of the grains was observed, and their height distribution was measured on the specimen surface. Each grain showed nanoscopic movement up and down, as well as reverse movement corresponding to specimen loading and unloading. We suggest that the different grain-specific changes in height were caused by microscopic inhomogeneities in the material, such as differences in the crystal orientation and geometries of both the surface and subsurface grains. Changes in grain height increased with tensile load, and a strong relationship was found between the height changes that occurred under elastic and plastic conditions. This suggests that microscopic plastic deformation is predictable from microscopic elastic deformation. In order to investigate the plastic deformation of grains in more detail, slip-line angles were measured after the tensile test. We found slip lines with similar angles in neighboring grains, suggesting that the plastic deformation of grains was not independent, but rather was related to that of surrounding grains and influenced by the deformation of subsurface grains.

AB - A cyclic tensile test was carried out using a plate specimen of commercial pure titanium on a digital holographic microscope stage. Microscopic deformation of the grains was observed, and their height distribution was measured on the specimen surface. Each grain showed nanoscopic movement up and down, as well as reverse movement corresponding to specimen loading and unloading. We suggest that the different grain-specific changes in height were caused by microscopic inhomogeneities in the material, such as differences in the crystal orientation and geometries of both the surface and subsurface grains. Changes in grain height increased with tensile load, and a strong relationship was found between the height changes that occurred under elastic and plastic conditions. This suggests that microscopic plastic deformation is predictable from microscopic elastic deformation. In order to investigate the plastic deformation of grains in more detail, slip-line angles were measured after the tensile test. We found slip lines with similar angles in neighboring grains, suggesting that the plastic deformation of grains was not independent, but rather was related to that of surrounding grains and influenced by the deformation of subsurface grains.

KW - Elastic deformation

KW - Height distribution

KW - Microscopic inhomogeneity

KW - Plastic deformation

KW - Titanium

KW - Undulation

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