The present study focused on improving sensitivity to trace levels of Cu(II) by subjecting microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μ-PADs) to a preconcentration process via coprecipitation using aluminum hydroxide. The experimental conditions were optimized for the pH of the coprecipitation, centrifugation, and amounts of reagents that were deposited onto µ-PADs for the Cu(II) assay. The resultant limit of detection reached as low as 0.003 mg L-1 with a linear range of 0.01-2.00 mg L-1. The relative standard deviations for intra- and inter-day precision were 3.2 and 4.6%, respectively (n = 9). Spiked water samples were analyzed using the μ-PADs after coprecipitation preconcentration. The results were verified by comparing them with those of inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Recoveries ranged from 97.1 to 104% and from 98.7 to 105% using the present method and ICP-OES, respectively. These results suggest that the simple, highly sensitive, and inexpensive proposed method would be helpful for analyzing trace levels of Cu(II) in water samples in poorly equipped laboratories.
- Aluminum hydroxide
- Copper ion
- Microfluidic paper-based analytical device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry